J. Roy Black
Ph.D., University of Minnesota
B.S., Montana State University
Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics
Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824-1039
Biographical Information (Black’s Vintage Web Page)
Dr. Roy Black is appointed in the tenure system and is a professor in the Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics at Michigan State University. He has over 25 years experience working on crop insurance issues in the United States and currently serves as an expert reviewer for the Board of Directors of the U.S. Federal Crop Insurance Corporation. He has written extensively on area-yield insurance and was part of a team that developed the Group Risk Plan area-yield index insurance product in the United States. His writing has focused on product design, rating, and risk transfer characteristics.
Professor Black has worked extensively with U.S. farmers and insurance providers on practical procedures to assess the circumstances under which GRP and related revenue products are viable risk transfer instruments, and conditions under which they are superior to individual farm yield trigger products. Dr. Black also was part of the development team, with particular focus on the risk assessment and rating components, for a wrap-around product that has been implemented in over 20 states in the U.S. by the U.S. Federal Crop Insurance Corporation.
These experiences have also provided a perspective on data integrity, management, and maintenance issues. He is active in climate change projects in the U.S., with a focus on horticultural crop yields; these are partially funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station.
Research and Outreach Interests
- Multidisciplinary team research on agricultural production systems including marketing considerations and management of externalities
- Managing risk and growth in agricultural farms including finance and insurance considerations
- Facilitation of insurance by the federal government, for farms, against yield and revenue shortfalls; contract design and implementation and public policy issues
- Climate change and valuation of flexibility
- Contract design issues, particularly with respect to market coordination
- Economic formats for use by animal scientists, crop and soil scientists, and horticulturists in reporting research
- Development of new protocol for National Academy of Science/Board on Agriculture species committee on the nutrient requirements for food animals and poultry
- Development of risk management firm level decision support concepts and software, including components for estimation of probability density functions
- Supply/demand analysis and agricultural sector modeling; use of model results by farmers, agribusinessmen, and policy analysts in decision making
- Analysis of design and management schemes for field crop and field crop/forage/livestock systems (e.g., crop rotations, cover crops, pest management schemes, forage quality, alternative tillage/planting systems, harvest systems, storage systems, feeding systems, manure management) (joint with Animal Science, Crop and Soil Science, Entomology, and Agricultural Engineering)
- Interface between production economics and biological and physical systems modeling concepts (joint with MSU faculty in Animal Science, Agricultural Engineering, Crop and Soil Science and Entomology; animal scientists at the University of California-Davis and animal and plant scientists at the ARS/USDA National Dairy Forage Research Center at Madison, Wisconsin)
- Analysis of the economic efficacy of multiple peril crop insurance, including Group Risk Plan, as a yield risk management tool for agriculture (micro and macro considerations). Includes considerations of complementarity with forward pricing instruments and substitutionality with other federal government programs. (Joint with faculty at MSU, University of Kentucky, Ohio State and ERS/USDA)
- Issues in groundwater quality management from an agricultural non-point perspective, particularly the development of State Agrichemical Management Plans as required by EPA
- Future of the beef cattle sector in Michigan agriculture (micro and macro)
- Design of experiments on farms as a component in farmer’s information systems. Can one significantly improve on what farmers are already doing?
- Implications for production economics, finance and management research of the ongoing vertical integration in the swine industry. Relevance of the total quality management scheme. What is common across a wide range of commodities/sectoral types of farms?
- Rural nonfarm and rural farm without livestock interface. What institutional structure from the “states” perspective? Voluntary actions? Contingent schemes?