Korean Agricultural Sector Simulation Model. [1971 – 1973]

Co-Principal Investigators:

Project end date: December 31, 1973

Project Name:           Korean Agricultural Sector Simulation Model
Donor:                       Agency for International Development Korea Country Mission
Contract No:              AID/ead-184
Account No:               71-2010
Location:                   Korea
Duration:                    August 1971 - December 1973
Budget:                      $311,037

Key MSU Faculty:      G. Rossmiller and G. Johnson Co-Directors ; J. Brake, D. Byerlee, J. Ferris, D. Hathaway, H. Kriesel, H. Larzelere, L. Libby, A. Thodey, J. Shaffer, V. Sorrenson, L. Stiefel, L. Teigen, W. Vincent, and K. Wright (Agricultural Economics);  T. Manetsch, M. Abkin, and T. Carroll (Systems Science)

Documents:                (Click here to view)

Project Goals:           To test, apply, and further develop under field conditions in Korea the simulation model (and components) developed under Contract AID/csd-1557, with the end in view of increasing the usefulness and lowering the cost of policy, program, and project development and evaluation.

Project Plans/Objectives:    This work was conducted primarily in Korea. The plans/objectives of this project are integrally linked to the project (AID/csd-2975) “Korean Agricultural Sector Study (KASS)—Adapting and Testing of Agricultural Simulation Models to Sector Analysis”.  Output from that project overlaps and is often joint with that reported for the current project.  Additional plans/objectives include:

  • To define and describe the parameters of the agricultural sector giving the rationale for the selection;
  • To identify, describe, analyze, and evaluate the physical resources comprising the agricultural sector giving the magnitude of the more important resources and their significance to the development of Korean agriculture;
  • To define and describe the components comprising the production and marketing infrastructure (including the private sector and agribusiness activities), the government infrastructure affecting the production, marketing, and consumption of agricultural products, the political implications of the government to develop, execute, and evaluate agricultural policies and programs;
  • To describe, analyze, and evaluate national agricultural development and production goals, the political ramifications of these goals and the likelihood of the government’s and sector’s capability of attaining both short- and long-run operational and planning goals;
  • To identify, describe, and analyze the elements or subsectors inhibiting the growth of the sector, including policies, government regulations, customs, programs, capital availability and allocation, institutions and other factors;
  • To define, describe, measure, and analyze the interaction between the urban and rural sectors for performance variables such as labor efficiency, population migration, income distribution, and manpower utilization;
  • To analyze both micro and macro agricultural input/output relationships given specific government policies and programs;
  • To identify those elements or subsectors that require further investment to optimize the development of the agricultural sector, giving the priority sequence and time frame in which these investments should be made, the magnitude of this investment schedule, the most feasible sources of investment funds, and the rationale for selecting investment areas, given selected price, program, and policy alternatives;
  • To identify, analyze, and evaluate production and marketing research activities and programs in order to project the research, technological, and human resource requirements necessary for optimizing the growth of the sector, given selected assumptions;
  • To describe, analyze, and evaluate the organizational structure of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries and pertinent related agencies, in particular the National Agricultural Cooperative Federation; to recommend the organizational structures and human resource requirements to adequately carry out current and proposed policies and programs;
  • To project budgetary and other government resource requirements, balance of payments, aggregate production, output, efficiency, and other performance evaluation parameters, using selected policy and program alternatives;
  • To train Korean counterpart personnel in the techniques, methodology, and analytical procedures used throughout the study and document these techniques, methodology, and analytical procedures in such a manner that a continuing analysis of the sector can be carried out with a minimum of outside assistance upon the completion of the contract;
  • To adapt a simulation model for Korean agriculture, including the further development, testing, adapting, extending, and use of the computer simulation model developed under contract AID/csd-1557.

Cooperating Institutions:      Korean Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, National Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Ministry of Science and Technology

Project Summary:     Researchers conducting the sector study were, generally, supported by this contract; however, insofar as the study involved the further development and application of the agricultural sector simulation models, support was also received from Contract AID/csd-2975-KASS.

Documents From/About this Project: