USDA - Correcting Market Failures in the Spread of Livestock and Wildlife Diseases [2013 - 2015]
Disease transmission among and between domestic and wild animals is a major global economic and conservation problem, exacerbated by market failures in both livestock and wildlife sectors. The objective of our research is to understand how society can invest in the prevention and control of infectious pathogens in valued domestic and wild populations, to maximize long-run economic values associated with livestock and wildlife. This objective will be addressed via the following supporting objectives:
- Understanding public and private incentives for controlling infectious disease in livestock and wildlife affected by market and ecological linkages;
- Understanding how the structure of livestock agriculture influences, and responds to, disease risks;
- Understanding how public policies can correct externalities that contribute to disease risks in wild and domestic animals. A particular focus will be on policies that are coordinated across the wildlife and livestock sectors.
These objectives will be addressed using bioeconomic tools to analyze livestock-wildlife disease interactions within a coupled socioeconomic-ecological system in which human behaviors are feedback responses that are affected by, and affect, changes in disease risks.
This proposed research addresses Program 6. Agriculture Economics and Rural Communities, Program Priority Area: Environment (Program Area Code: A1651). It is relevant to USDA’s interest in reducing the vulnerability of livestock and wildlife ecosystems to pathogens, in reducing the incidence and costs of disease, and in improving the economic efficiency and sustainability of animal production systems and wildlife systems. It is also relevant to USDA’s interest in farm structure. Implementation: Apr. 2013 - Aug. 2015.